It is the biggest port in the Polar area of Russia, the world biggest city within the Arctic circle. It is situated 300 km north of the Arctic circle, among hills, on the coast of ice-free Kola Bay, 50 km from the Barents Sea. The city stretches along the eastern bank of Kola Bay for more than 10 km. The city rises from the bay forming several terraces, and the main arteries are situated along them approximately parallel to the bay.
In October 2016 celebrated 100 years of existence.